is Transactional Analysis?
In an age when Emotional Quotient (EQ) has taken over
Intelligence Quotient (IQ), Transactional Analysis is a tool
to understand ourselves better and enrich our personality, to meet
the demands that this
ever-changing world presents.
Transactional Analysis (TA) is a theory of behaviour. This
theory was formulated by Dr Eric Berne in 1958 based on his
own clinical experience.
A transaction is an exchange of communication (verbal or non-verbal)
between two people or within oneself.
An analysis of these transactions, gives us clues to our personality,
and helps us change ourselves.
According to Berne, the personality can be explained in terms of
three ego states. This model is roughly based on the Freudian Ego.
An ego state can be explained in terms of the individual's state
of mind at any given point of time. The three ego states are:
Child Ego State - All feelings, behaviours, attitudes related
to childhood - the basic sad, mad, bad, glad feelings are attributed
to the child ego state. When a person is feeling extremely elated,
he is in his child ego state. Also, when he is sulking, angry or
cowering with fear he is in the child ego state. In such a state,
thinking becomes muddled and our decision-making ability sinks to
a very low level.
Adult Ego State - All feelings, behaviours, attitudes related
to the here and now - data processing, organising information and
non-judgemental feedback are attributed to the adult ego state.
This is learnt behaviour, that is behaviour which we learn as we
grow up. Even for something as simple as crossing a road, we need
to be in our adult ego state. We need all our data processing skills
to carry out this simple activity. It all happens so fast that the
mind is not even aware, that it is taking an adult decision.
Ego State - Feelings, attitudes, values, prejudices and behaviours
imbibed from significant parental figures are attributed to the
Parent Ego state. This is copied behaviour; copied from our parents
in early childhood. A person reacting from this ego state will either
be too judgemental, critical or nurturing and patronising in most
situations. In such a state, thinking is always coloured. We tend
to be biased and prejudiced in our decisions.
Transactional Analysis teaches the individual to live in the here
and now. It is not okay to stay on any one ego state all the time.
Our personality has to be a blend of all the three ego states. A
person who is always in the adult ego state, will not be able to
relate emotionally to others, as he is unable to express his feelings.
A person in the child ego state or in the parent ego state feels
uncomfortable in situations which demand adult functions like data
processing or decision making. Thus communication is impaired and
interpersonal relationships are affected. The idea is to display
the right emotion according to the situation, and to live in the
here and now.
Courses in Transactional Analysis conducted in Madras on behalf
of International Council for Transactional Analysis (ICTA) include
ICTA also conducts Counselling and Human Resources Development
For Enquiries Contact:
Faculty and Trainer Human Resources and Organisation Development,
# F-2, SPL Dasari, # 5,IV Main Road, United India
Colony, Kodambakkam, Chennai - 600 024.
Phone: 484 3814 / 9053.
|Author : Anuradha Sriraman